Training

Articles about training, or actual training on various disaster and crisis related subjects.


 

Decision Making in Emergency Response

Decision Making in Emergency Response

Emergency Response could be stated quite simply as problem solving.  Emergencies are typically complex problems with dire consequences that must be solved in a very short amount of time to limit damage to people, property and environment.  The FEMA Emergency Management Higher Education Project College Course Instructor Guide states that an emergency is defined as “An unexpected event which places life and/or property in danger and requires an immediate response through the use of routine community resources and procedures”.  This paper will discuss problem solving and the decision making models used by the Federal Emergency Management Agency among others.  Several examples of how those models have been utilized in real life incidents will be offered.  Some analysis of the effects of those decisions will be made. The Emergency Response Decision Making Model The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) utilizes a five step model that works in a cycle in its modeling of proper decision making.  According to FEMA the five steps of the basic model are: 1-Determining the Problem, 2-Listing Alternative Solutions, 3-Choosing one Alternative, 4-Implementing the Solution and 5-Evaluating the Solution. This basic model can be used for individual or group decision making.  It must be adapted in crisis situations which place more obstacles in the way of the decision making process.  Important aspects of effective decision making are that they contain the three key factors in crisis decision making: Clear values, quality information and an analytical approach.   A motor vehicle accident is a routine emergency situation faced by emergency responders across the country on a daily basis.  Below is how the decision making process unfolds through...
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