FEMA

Articles that are related to the United States Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).


 

Backup Power for the Individual and Volunteer, Part I:  Generators

Backup Power for the Individual and Volunteer, Part I: Generators

As a loss of power from the grid is a regular occurrence during a disaster, being ready for this eventuality is a necessity. Also, being equipped with backup generators is a standard practice with Emergency Operation Centers (EOC).  Power from the grid may be lost due to an equipment failure, severe weather, natural disaster, deliberate act of disruption (e.g., arson, terrorist attack, hacking, etc.) or from an electromagnetic pulse (EMP).  Such an outage may last a few hours to a few weeks, depending on the size and scope of the disaster. The decision on how to access power when the grid is not an option will vary greatly upon the individual or organization’s location, budget, ability to provide service and maintenance, and other considerations.  However, electrical generators are widely available, cost effective, and may be utilized with limited training.  The following guide is an introduction to electrical generators that are powered via fossil fuels. Portable Generators A portable generator is normally a small, wheeled generator that may be moved from one location to another fairly easily.  Most portable generators are powered by gasoline, but other fuel options are available, such as diesel, propane and kerosene.  Diesel generators tend to be more expensive, but more durable than gasoline models.  Most portable generators produce between 3,000 to 8,500 watts. They can be purchased at most home supply stores and establishments that sell power equipment.  Some also have a Tri-Fuel kit that will allow the generator to run on multiple fuel types with little difficulty. Pros: For powering a limited amount of items (such as lighting, space heating, communication equipment, etc.) a portable generator is adequate. By design, the...
A Short History of FEMA

A Short History of FEMA

FEMA has been known as the driving force of disaster relief and recovery for the American citizens. The federal emergency management agency continues to be a important feature in our society. This is a brief history. The Beginning In the 1800’s, the United States developed a division of its federal government to help aid its citizens who became victims of natural disasters. The leaders of the country then saw a need to make an emergency preparedness plan for the country and to follow through with it by means of using an organized emergency management agency. Hence FEMA was formed. FEMA in its infancy provided assistance to the American public and made strides to continually be a source of refuge for those who had been affected by Mother Nature’s wrath. The agency’s main objective and duties were disaster relief and recovery. It was to provide relief where relief was needed and help local and state officials in the recovery process. Having a disaster relief agency in place in the country was a vital move to securing the American people. The American people felt safer knowing that there was an agency ready and able to provide public assistance and relief if the need for such becomes necessary. FEMA has been subject to other agencies throughout its 200 year history. In the years spanning 1973 until 1979, FEMA was subject to the Department of Housing and Urban Development, (HUD). From the years 1979 until 2003, FEMA held to its own as an independent agency operating within the United States Federal government, but after Hurricane Katrina and the events that followed in 2005,...
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